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Public Policy Analysis

Curriculum Design for HIV Education Programs in Northern Tanzania

Susannah Gibbs ('11); Mentor: David Menefee-Libey

Abstract: With a prevalence rate of 5.7% (THAMIS, 2008), the HIV situation in Tanzania has engendered diverse approaches to prevention. Volunteer Programs (VPs) run by American, British, and Tanzanian university students require instruction materials that are distinct from those required for community outreach carried out by Community Health Workers (CHWs). In order to determine the optimal format and content for these resources interviews and focus groups were carried out with international volunteers, Tanzanian Teaching Partners, Field Officers, and CHWs. The main weakness of the VP curriculum was the disconnect between HIV information and life skills and behavior change messages. These three elements were integrated to support effective lesson planning. CHWs were found to use their curricula minimally due to the overwhelming amount of information provided and the overly technical language used. In order to facilitate their teachings, a new curriculum was created with simplified explanations and key messages for each lesson.
Funding provided by The Faucett Family Foundation

Community Participation in Urban Park Development

Michael O'Shea ('11); Mentor: David Menefee-Libey

Abstract: This study examines the partnership of a national non-profit with community organizations and residents in the development of a new urban park in Chicago. Environmental justice research shows that such relationships can be complicated by differences in goals, funding, race, and class. I conducted 15 open-ended interviews with non-profit members, community leaders, and local residents. I also surveyed 200 local residents about their attitudes toward park development. The study found different levels of community involvement in the project among neighborhoods bordering the park. Neighborhoods on the eastern side of the park were more likely to be involved than those on the western side, which have higher low-income and minority populations. The nonprofit can increase community involvement, particularly in the western neighborhoods, by involving additional community organizations, identifying key local leaders, and better engaging neighborhood residents.
Funding provided by The Fletcher Jones Foundation, J.W. Saxe Memorial Fund for Public Service

Research at Pomona